Medical Ethics in Bachelor Degree of Medicine

medical ethics

In today’s world which is filled with several institutional boards and hospital ethics committees, the greatest risk faced by the medical professionals is the lack of moral theories and principles in the practice of medicine. The medical science has altered in such a way that it showcases the importance of ethical controversies. Medical ethics is normally concerned with the moral issues emerging from the patient welfare.

Keeping in mind the importance of ethics in medicine, the Association of Health Universities in India has decided to forward a proposal to the Medical Council of India (MCI) regarding the inculcation of professionalism and ethics in the MBBS course which would enhance the medical practitioners in pursuing the relevant degree. It is to be noted that though ethics was a part of medical education previously, no examinations were conducted as a part of assessments.

The third conclave of Vice-chancellors of Health Universities of India, hosted by the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences was held recently with regard to the proposal. It had turned out to be a highly debated session wherein Dr Venkatesh D, the Director of MS Ramaiah Medical College stated “We had done a survey on students some years ago. We realized they come to medical college with high ideals. But as years pass, their principles erode and towards the end, many are ready to compromise on their values” (source:

Though the ethics was taught in the beginning, there were no assessments to validate them. Also most of the universities which taught ethics could not impart them into real-terms. Hence it is mandatory to ensure that regular examinations will be conducted as a part of assessment for the new subject. A proper knowledge in ethics would help a medical practitioner to enhance the healthcare service rendered to the society.

Importance of Ethics

Developments in science and technology in this century has led to several advances of medicine and healthcare that has benefitted millions of lives. Ethics refers to the standardized codes and principles which are very important for moulding the medical practitioners. A few facts that make the ethics more important are listed below:
• Standardization & Validation of medical practice
• Recruiting a highly qualified medical personnel
• Builds public support for medical care
• Delivering the best medical service to the society
• Good communication between medical practitioners with patients

Since its inception, Texila American University, one of the fastest growing Caribbean medical school with clinical rotations in USA has been rendering medical programs with medical ethics as one of its key subjects, in the curriculum in Doctor of Medicine Program so that the medical practitioners will be aware trained in medical ethics.

Sonu Nigam rocks the National Stadium in Guyana

sonu banner

Sonu Nigam (lord of the cords) and troupe at the Guyana National Stadium on Sunday 5th May, 2014.

The concert, organized by the Guyana Hindu Dharmic Sabha, was held to commemorate the 176th anniversary of Indian arrival in Guyana and the Sabha’s 40th anniversary.

The concert which also features a performance by bollywood play back singer Jonita Gandhi was also leg of Sonu Nigam’s 2014 world concert “klose to my soul” featuring tributes to Indian musical legends such as Mohamed Rafi, Mukesh, Manna Dey, Lata Mangeshkar, RD Burman and Kishore Kumar.

The evening was filled with entertainment such as food, drinks, clothing, jewelry and mehendi design etc.

India Became 3rd-Largest Economy in 2011 From 10th in 2005

img01WASHINGTON: In a matter of six years, India emerged as the world’s third-largest economy in 2011 from being the 10th largest in 2005, moving ahead of Japan, while the US remained the largest economy closely followed by China, latest figures have revealed.

“The economies of Japan and the UK became smaller compared to the US, while Germany increased slightly, France and Italy remained the same,” according to data released on Wednesday by the International Comparison Program (ICP), hosted by the Development Data Group at the World Bank Group.

“The relative rankings of the three Asian economies — China, India, and Indonesia — to the US doubled, while Brazil, Mexico and Russia increased by one-third or more,” the report said. The world produced goods and services worth over $90 trillion in 2011 and that almost half of the total output came from low and middle-income countries, it said.

According to the major findings of the ICP, six of the world’s 12 largest economies were in the middle-income category (based on the World Bank’s definition).

When combined, the 12 largest economies accounted for two-thirds of the world economy and 59 per cent of the population, it said.

The purchasing power parities (PPPs)-based world GDP amounted to $90,647 billion, compared with $70,294 billion measured by exchange rates, it said, adding that the share of middle-income economies in global GDP is 48 per cent when using PPPs and 32 per cent when using exchange rates.

The six largest middle-income economies — China, India, Russia, Brazil, Indonesia and Mexico — account for 32.3 per cent of world GDP, whereas the six largest high-income economies — US, Japan, Germany, France, UK and Italy — account for 32.9 per cent, the report said.

Asia and the Pacific, including China and India, account for 30 per cent of world GDP, Eurostat-OECD 54 per cent, Latin America 5.5 per cent (excluding Mexico, which participates in the OECD and Argentina, which did not participate in the ICP 2011), Africa and Western Asia about 4.5 per cent each.

“China and India make up two-thirds of the Asia and the Pacific economy, excluding Japan and South Korea, which are part of the OECD comparison. Russia accounts for more than 70 per cent of the CIS, and Brazil for 56 per cent of Latin America. South Africa, Egypt, and Nigeria account for about half of the African economy,” said the report.

“At 27 per cent, China now has the largest share of the world’s expenditure for investment (gross fixed capital formation) followed by the US at 13 per cent.

India, Japan and Indonesia follow with 7 per cent, 4 per cent, and 3 per cent, respectively,” the report said.

China and India account for about 80 per cent of investment expenditure in the Asia and the Pacific region.

Russia accounts for 77 per cent of CIS, Brazil for 61 per cent of Latin America and Saudi Arabia 40 per cent of Western Asia, it said.

The report said low-income economies, as a share of world GDP, were more than two times larger based on PPPs than respective exchange rate shares in 2011.

Yet, these economies accounted for only 1.5 per cent of the global economy, but nearly 11 per cent of the world population.

Roughly 28 per cent of the world’s population lives in economies with GDP per capita expenditure above the $13,460 world average and 72 per cent are below that average.

The approximate median yearly per capita expenditure for the world — at $10,057 — means that half of the global population has per capita expenditure above that amount and half below, it said.

The five economies with the highest GDP per capita are Qatar, Macao, Luxembourg, Kuwait and Brunei.

The first two economies have more than $1,00,000 per capita, the ICP report said.

Eleven economies have more than $50,000 per capita, while they collectively account for less than 0.6 per cent of the world’s population. The US has the 12th-highest GDP per capita.

Eight economies – Malawi, Mozambique, Central African Republic, Niger, Burundi, Congo, Comoros and Liberia — have a GDP per capita of less than $1,000.

The five economies with highest actual individual consumption per capita are Bermuda, US, Cayman Islands, Hong Kong and Luxembourg.

The world average actual individual consumption per capita is approximately $8,647, it said.