Sushruta was an ancient Indian surgeon, he is considered as the father of surgeon. He wrote a book namedSushruta Samhita, in which he described more than 300 surgical procedures with 8 categories and 120 surgical instruments.

He taught and practiced his arts in the banks of Ganges River located in Varanasi in Northern India.

The book Sushruta Samhita is categorized into two parts, the first one in Purva-tantra, and the second one in Uttara-tantra. It contains 184 chapters and a description of 1120 illness, 700 medicinal plants, a detailed study on anatomy, 64 preparations from mineral sources and 57 preparations based on animal sources.

His contributions include plastic surgery, cataract surgery, ENT surgery, muscle and bone repair, kidney stone removal surgery, surgery in the chest and abdomen.

This book was dated in 3rd to 4th century A.D.

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